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House and Commercial Property Rental

House Rental Business have two advantages. Regular rental income will be there. In addition to that there will be appreciation in property value. Persons who have surplus money to invest in real estate can do this business.  

 

 


There is lot of work to be done before investing in real estate to actually buying your first rental property. Owning property is a tough business and the field is peppered with land mines that can obliterate your returns.

Few of the steps for Real Estate Investments

Starting Your Search

Although you may want a real estate agent to help you complete the purchase of a rental property, you should start searching for your investment on your own. Having an agent can bring unnecessary pressure to buy before you have found a property that suits you. The most important thing is to take an unbiased approach to all the properties and neighborhoods within your investing range.

Your investing range will be limited by whether you intend to actively manage the property (be a landlord) or hire someone else to manage it. If you intend to actively manage, you should not get a property that's too far away from where you live. If you are going to get a management company to look after it for you, your proximity to the property will be less of an issue. (To find out how to save money as a rental owner, see Tax Deductions For Rental Property Owners and Tips For The Prospective Landlord.)

Important things to be considered when searching for the right rental property.

Neighborhoods
The quality of the neighborhood in which you buy will influence both the types of tenants you attract and how often you face vacancies. For example, if you buy in a neighborhood near a university, the chances are that your pool of potential tenants will be mainly made up of students and that you will face vacancies on a fairly regular basis.

Property Taxes
Property taxes are not standard across the board and, as an investor planning to make money from rent, you want to be aware of how much you will be losing to taxes. High property taxes may not always be a bad thing if the neighborhood is an excellent place for long-term tenants, but the two do not necessarily go hand in hand. The town's assessment office will have all the tax information on file or you can talk to homeowners within the community.

 


Schools
Your tenants may have or be planning to have children, so they will need a place near a decent school. When you have found a good property near a school, you will want to check the quality of the school as this can affect the value of your investment. If the school has a poor reputation, prices will reflect your property's value poorly. Although you will be mostly concerned about the monthly cash flow, the overall value of your rental property comes in to play when you eventually sell it and retire someday.

Crime
No one wants to live next door to a hot spot for criminal activity. Go to the police or the public library for accurate crime statistics for various neighborhoods, rather than asking the homeowner who is hoping to sell the house to you. Items to look for are vandalism rates, serious crimes, petty crimes and recent activity (growth or slow down). You might also want to ask about the frequency of police presence in your neighborhood.

Jobs
Locations with growing employment opportunities tend to attract more people - meaning more tenants. To find out how a particular area rates, go directly to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics or to your local library. If you notice an announcement for a new major company moving to the area, you can rest assured that workers will flock to the area. However, this may cause house prices to react (either negatively or positively) depending on the corporation moving in. The fall back point here is that if you would like the new corporation in your backyard, your renters probably will too.

Amenities
Check the potential neighborhood for current or projected parks, malls, gyms, movie theaters, public transport hubs and all the other perks that attract renters. Cities, and sometimes even particular areas of a city, have loads of promotional literature that will give you an idea of where the best blend of public amenities and private property can be found.

Building Permits and Future Development
The municipal planning department will have information on all the new development that is coming or has been zoned into the area. If there are many new condos, business parks or malls going up in your area, it is probably a good growth area. However, watch out for new developments that could hurt the price surrounding properties by, for example, causing the loss of an activity-friendly green space. The additional condos and/or new housing could also provide competition for your renters, so be aware of that possibility.

 


Amount of Listings and Vacancies
If there is an unusually high amount of listings for one particular neighborhood, this can either signal a seasonal cycle or a neighborhood that has "gone bad." Make sure you figure out which it is before you buy in. You should also determine whether you can cover for any seasonal fluctuations in vacancies.

Similar to listings, the vacancy rates will give you an idea of how successful you will be at attracting tenants. High vacancy rates force landlords to lower rents in order to snap up tenants - low vacancy rates allow landlords to raise rental rates.

Rents
Rent will be the bread and butter for your rental property, so you need to know what the average rent in the area is. If charging the average rent is not going to be enough to cover your mortgage payment, taxes and other expenses, then you have to keep looking. Be sure to research the area well enough to gauge where the area will be headed in the next five years. If you can afford the area now, but major improvements are in store and property taxes are expected to increase, then what could be affordable now may mean bankruptcy later.

 

 



Natural Disasters
Insurance is another expense that you will have to subtract from your returns, so it is good to know just how much you will need to carry. If an area is prone to earthquakes or flooding, the extra insurance can add up and eat away at your rental income. 

Getting Information
Talk to renters as well as homeowners in the neighborhood. Renters will be far more honest about the negative aspects of the area because they have no investment in it. If you are set on a particular neighborhood, try to visit it at different times on different days of the week to see your future neighbors in action.

The Physical Property
In general, the best investment property for beginners is a residential, single-family dwelling or a condominium. Condos are low maintenance because the condo association is there to help with many of the external repairs, leaving you to worry about the interior. Because condos are not truly independent living units, however, they tend to garner lower rents and appreciate more slowly than single-family homes.

House Rental  Business can be started in the following manner according to the size and volume of business and capital investment.


Proprietorship

A Proprietorship can be started by single person with the following facilities:

Office

Rented or own office

Staff

Facilities

Opening of Bank Account

In India, Bank Account of a Proprietorship can be opened by giving the following documents:

  1. ID Proof of Proprietor
  2. Address Proof of Proprietor
  3. Photograph of Proprietor
  4. Copy of PAN Card of Proprietor
  5. Copy of any bill raised by the firm (some banks may ask for)

But in other countries, documentation procedure will be different according to the law of land.

 

 

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Partnership

A Partnership can be made by two or more persons by creating partnership deed.

Registration of Partnership Deed

In India, it is not compulsory to Register a Partnership deed. But an un registered partnership have some disadvantages in the eye of law. So it is better to register the deed with the Registrar. A Registered partnership firm has all the right to sue in a court of law in India. But in other countries there may be differences in rule.

Office

Rented or own office

Staff

Facilities

Opening of Bank Account

In India, Bank Account of a Partnership firm can be opened by giving the following documents:

  1. ID Proof of Partners
  2. Address Proof of Partners
  3. Photograph of Signatories
  4. Copy of PAN Card of Partnership Firm
  5. Copy of Partnership Deed
  6. Address Proof of Partnership firm
  7. Any other document which may be asked by the bank

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Different modes of advertisement like news paper, internet, pamphlet, hoardings etc can be used according to the budget.

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Private Limited Company

A Private Limited Company can be registered by minimum of 2 person and maximum of 50 persons. There are many advantages of registering a private limited company. A Private Limited company can be registered with limited liability, which will protect the personal asset of the business man in case of failure of business.

Registration of Private Limited Company

In India, it is compulsory to Register a Private Limited Company. It can be registered with the help of a Practicing Company Secretary, Advocate or A Chartered Accountant. Facilities required for Business are:

Office

Rented or own office

Staff

Facilities

Opening of Bank Account

In India, Bank Account of a Partnership firm can be opened by giving the following documents:

  1. ID Proof of Directors
  2. Address Proof of Directors
  3. Photograph of Signatories
  4. Copy of PAN Card of Company
  5. Copy of Memorandum and Articles of Association
  6. Address Proof of Company
  7. Any other document which may be asked by the bank

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Different modes of advertisement like news paper, internet, pamphlet, hoardings etc can be used according to the budget.

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Limited Company

A Limited Company can be registered by minimum of 7 person and there is no maximum limit of members. There are many advantages of registering a Limited company. A Limited company can be registered with Limited liability, which will protect the personal asset of the members in case of failure of business.

Registration of Limited Company

In India, it is compulsory to Register a Limited Company. It can be registered with the help of a Practicing Company Secretary, Advocate or A Chartered Accountant. Facilities required for Business are:

Office

Rented or own office

Staff

Facilities

Software Development

Software can be Developed according to the needs of the organization and clients.

Opening of Bank Account

In India, Bank Account of a Partnership firm can be opened by giving the following documents:

  1. ID Proof of Directors
  2. Address Proof of Directors
  3. Photograph of Signatories
  4. Copy of PAN Card of Company
  5. Copy of Memorandum and Articles of Association
  6. Address Proof of Company
  7. Any other document which may be asked by the bank

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Different modes of advertisement like news paper, internet, pamphlet, hoardings etc can be used according to the budget.

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