Making a false document and its Punishment -Section 464 of Indian Penal Code (IPC)

In many cases it is found that people makes small changes in their pay slip and other documents to show their new employer or for applying for loan and credit card by taking it lightly. Sometimes employees of private organization also are compelled to sign wrong documents and they are signing it just to protect their jobs by thinking that this may not make any harm. But these are criminal Acts punishable under Indian Penal Code.


Section 463 of Indian Penal Code contains provision related to forgery. As per Section 463 Forgery Means
 
"Whoever makes any false documents or part of a document with intent to cause damage or injury, to the public or to any person, or to support any claim or title, or to cause any person to part with property, or to enter into any express or implied contract, or with intent to commit fraud or that fraud may be committed, commits forgery".
 
Section 464 of Indian Penal Code contains the following provisions:

A person is said to make a false document-
 
First- Who dishonestly or fraudulently makes, signs, seals or executes a document or part of a document, or makes any mark denoting the execution of a document, with the intention of causing it to be believed that such document or part of a document was made, signed, sealed or executed by or by the authority of a person by whom or by whose authority he knows that it was not made, signed, sealed or executed, or at a time at which he knows that it was not made, signed, sealed or executed; or

Secondly- Who, without lawful authority, dishonestly or fraudulently, by cancellation or otherwise, alters a document in any material part thereof, after it has been made or executed either by himself or by any other person, whether such person be living or dead at the time of such alteration; or

Thirdly- Who dishonestly or fraudulently causes any person to sign, seal, execute or alter a document, knowing that such person by reason of unsoundness of mind or intoxication cannot, or that by reason of deception practiced upon him, he does not know the contents of the document or the nature of the alteration.


Punishment for Forgery
Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.

Forgery for purpose of cheating and it punishment - Section 468 of Indian Penal Code
 
Provision related to forgery under section 468 of Indian Penal Code is

"Whoever commits forgery, intending that the document forged shall be used for the purpose of cheating, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine."

Forgery for purpose of harming reputation and its punishment -Section 469 of Indian Penal Code
Section 469 of Indian Penal Code contains the following provision:

"Whoever commits forgery, intending that the document forged shall harm the reputation of any party, or knowing that it is likely to be used for that purpose, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine".

Forged document - Section 470 of Indian Penal Code
As per Section 470 of Indian Penal Code Forged Document means:
"A false document made wholly or in part by forgery is designated "a forged document".

So before signing any document, read it thoroughly and ensure that it does not contain any error or wrong provision. You will get a job but won't get a life.

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